Study reveals increasing incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome in U.S.
The study results are reported in a paper authored by a Baylor researcher and published on-line Sunday by the New England Journal of Medicine. The illness, called "neonatal abstinence syndrome" (NAS), is a drug withdrawal syndrome that most commonly occurs after in utero exposure to opioids. It can lead to seizures, difficulty feeding, respiratory complications and low-birth-weight in affected infants.
Epilepsy: Neonatal seizures still lack safe and effective treatment
Seizures after neonatal hypoxia are difficult to treat. A recent antiepileptic safety and dose-finding study examined phenobarbital plus bumetanide, but was stopped owing to apparent futility and increased risk of hearing loss. However, this decision could have been overcautious: 0.2 mg/kg bumetanide reduced seizure burden, and might not have increased hearing loss.
Researchers reveal how breast milk protects against severe intestinal disease in pre-term infants
A community-based program of prenatal hepatitis B virus screening followed by neonatal immunoprophylaxis was highly effective in preventing vertical transmission of the infection, according to new study results. âBecause 35% to 50% of carriers are believed to be infected by perinatal exposure to blood or blood-contaminated fluids, the prevention of vertical transmission from mother to child plays a vital role in decreasing disease prevalence,â researchers wrote in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
Babies feel pain 'like adults'
The brains of babies 'light up' in a very similar way to adults when exposed to the same painful stimulus, a pioneering Oxford University brain scanning study has discovered. It suggests that babies experience pain much like adults.
Progress of PTSD symptoms following birth: a prospective study in mothers of high-risk infants
PTSD was present in 25 and 9% of NICU mothers and controls, respectively. We identified four PTSD patterns: none, persistent, delayed and recovered. The postpartum PTSD course was associated with trait anxiety. Whether the infant was the first child who predicted PTSD at year 1 (adjusted odds ratio=7.62, 95%confidence interval=1.07 to 54.52).
Your face can reveal your health - Researchers unveil new algorithm that monitors your vital signs through video
"Mayank Kumar, the project's lead graduate researcher, said DistancePPG will be particularly helpful to monitor premature infants for whom blood pressure cuffs or wired probes can pose a threat. In fact, they were his inspiration."
Nonsterile glove use may reduce blood stream infections in premature infants
Hand hygiene and glove use are simple measures that have been shown to reduce infections in cohort studies of preterm neonates and other pediatric populations.
Distinct Gut Microbe Dynamics Detected Amongst Premature Infants with Necrotizing Enterocolitis
A team from Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and elsewhere used 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing to follow gut microbial community patterns in a dozen infants with necrotizing enterocolitis and more than twice as many unaffected age-matched controls from the same region.
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