25% of extremely preterm infants survive without severe complications
One in four preterm infants born at the threshold of viability survives without short-term severe complications after receiving active prenatal and postnatal care, according to recent research in JAMA Pediatrics.
Does supplemental donor milk instead of formula reduce infections in preterm infants?
The combined incidence of serious infection, the intestinal disease necrotizing enterocolitis and death was similar in very low-birth-weight infants who received either pasteurized donor milk or preterm formula supplementation during their first 10 days of life when their own mother's milk was not sufficiently available, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.
Even doctors get confused about reflux disease in babies
Millions of Americans currently use medication for their indigestion and reflux, so it may come as no surprise that parents and doctors also prescribe medicine for newborns with reflux. However, according to a new study, newborns are likely being over treated the majority of the time with interventions -- including surgery -- that have risks for the infant.
Artificial Placenta Replicates Womb for Extremely Premature Infants
Keeping extremely premature babies alive is understandably difficult. Modern neonatal intensive care technology simply doesn't replicate the womb, essentially working to help the child survive on its own. Researchers at University of Michigan's C.S. Mott Children's Hospital and Extracorporeal Circulation Research Laboratory have developed an "artificial placenta" that performs extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), avoiding the necessity of the child having to breathe through its poorly developed lungs that often can't handle mechanical ventilation.
Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Program Improves Outcomes
A program of webinars, real-time feedback, and discussion of "potentially best practices" resulted in standardized policies and slightly shorter length of treatment and length of stay for infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in a multicenter study.
Vaccination of Preemies With BPD: Risk for Decompensation Low
Immunization of preterm infants, even those with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), can be performed safely without an increased risk for respiratory decompensation or need to alter standard vaccination schedules.
Gray matter abnormality predicts neurodevelopmental problems in smaller premature babies
A new study led by clinician-researchers at Nationwide Children's Hospital has explored a more objective system for scoring MRIs -- and in the process found that an often unreported abnormality of the brain's gray matter can indicate future impairment.
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Breast-feeding improves later-life heart health for preterm infants
Studies have shown that such developmental problems occur in the first few months of life, leading to smaller heart chambers, thickening of the heart muscle, and reduced heart function in later life.