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New Program: Neonatal Thyroid Physiology
Neonatal Respiratory Symposium
Use of an Entirely Human Milk-Based Diet in Very Low Birth Weight Infants
New Directions in Neonatal Respiratory Critical Care
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Available Lectures 561
Latest Education
Defining Neonatal Hypoglycaemia: The Continuing Debate
Win Tin, MD
Date Posted: 03/18/2015
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Cutting Edge Delivery Room Practice
Myra H. Wyckoff, MD
Date Posted: 03/18/2015
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Non-Invasive Positive Pressure Ventilation - Evidence Base in Preterm Infants (Module 6 of 6)
Haresh Kirpalani, BM, MRCP, FRCP, MSc
Date Posted: 01/28/2015
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Neonatal Thyroid Physiology
Shazia Bhat, MD
Date Posted: 12/24/2014
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New Directions in Neonatal Respiratory Critical Care
Martin Keszler, MD; Thomas H. Shaffer, MS.E., PhD; Jan Mazela, MD, PhD
Date Posted: 01/05/2015
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Neonatology News

The study results are reported in a paper authored by a Baylor researcher and published on-line Sunday by the New England Journal of Medicine. The illness, called "neonatal abstinence syndrome" (NAS), is a drug withdrawal syndrome that most commonly occurs after in utero exposure to opioids. It can lead to seizures, difficulty feeding, respiratory complications and low-birth-weight in affected infants.

Seizures after neonatal hypoxia are difficult to treat. A recent antiepileptic safety and dose-finding study examined phenobarbital plus bumetanide, but was stopped owing to apparent futility and increased risk of hearing loss. However, this decision could have been overcautious: 0.2 mg/kg bumetanide reduced seizure burden, and might not have increased hearing loss.

A community-based program of prenatal hepatitis B virus screening followed by neonatal immunoprophylaxis was highly effective in preventing vertical transmission of the infection, according to new study results. “Because 35% to 50% of carriers are believed to be infected by perinatal exposure to blood or blood-contaminated fluids, the prevention of vertical transmission from mother to child plays a vital role in decreasing disease prevalence,” researchers wrote in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

The brains of babies 'light up' in a very similar way to adults when exposed to the same painful stimulus, a pioneering Oxford University brain scanning study has discovered. It suggests that babies experience pain much like adults.

PTSD was present in 25 and 9% of NICU mothers and controls, respectively. We identified four PTSD patterns: none, persistent, delayed and recovered. The postpartum PTSD course was associated with trait anxiety. Whether the infant was the first child who predicted PTSD at year 1 (adjusted odds ratio=7.62, 95%confidence interval=1.07 to 54.52).

"Mayank Kumar, the project's lead graduate researcher, said DistancePPG will be particularly helpful to monitor premature infants for whom blood pressure cuffs or wired probes can pose a threat. In fact, they were his inspiration."

Hand hygiene and glove use are simple measures that have been shown to reduce infections in cohort studies of preterm neonates and other pediatric populations.

A team from Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and elsewhere used 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing to follow gut microbial community patterns in a dozen infants with necrotizing enterocolitis and more than twice as many unaffected age-matched controls from the same region.

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